The gardens of health resorts and hospitals

Light, air and sun

In the 1850’s, Berlin had at about 300,000 inhabitants and was considered as being the smelliest city of Europe. Hygiene conditions seemed not to have improved since the middle-ages: pigs were kept in the front gardens and the chamber pots were emptied on the streets. The 9000 fountains were often close to lavatories and muck-hills. That’s the reason why, again and again, epidemics like cholera, typhus and tuberculosis broke out.

The Charité built as a plague house in 1710, could not receive all the sick people. The hospitals were then transferred step by step to the suburbs of Berlin and were equipped with broad relaxing gardens. The outskirts of the Prenzlauer Berg, and especially the villages Weißensee, Pankow and Buchen offered enough place for hospitals and health resorts thanks to their abundant grassland, their woods and their fields. Until today the doctors are positive about the to-the-recovery-contributing stay in the fresh air.

More information at the exhibition